According to a recent study from the University of Michigan in the United States, the benefits of vaping as a smoking cessation far outweigh the health risks that young people might face.
A recent study from the University of Michigan also published in the newspaper Nicotine and Tobacco Research Reveals that in most likely simulations it is close to 3,3 million years of life that could be saved by 2070 thanks to the electronic cigarette.
"I do not think this document puts an end to the questioning. But we have to work with the best available evidence ... " – Kenneth Warner
This basic simulation takes into account the possible roles of vaping in smoking cessation and initiation. According to her there would be more than 3,5 million years of life gained through the use of the cigarette for only 260 000 years of life lost due to the initiation of young people who would eventually fall into smoking.
« I do not think this document puts an end to the questioning. But we have to work with the best evidence available ..." , Explain Kenneth Warner, former Dean of the School of Public Health at the University of Michigan, Emeritus Professor of Public Health and Professor of Health Management. " I think the results are strong, the benefits outweigh the risks. He says.
At the same time, Kenneth Warner reminds that public health must continue to educate young people about the dangers of smoking and must work to continue to stay on a strong downward trend of smoking. Recent reports show indeed a dramatic decrease in smoking among adolescents over a number of years, with an increase in vaping over the same period.
Since the arrival of the electronic cigarette in 2003, the composition of e-liquids is constantly evolving in an unregulated market. Researchers still struggle to understand if inhaled chemicals are harmful and in what proportion.
« We are fortunate to know the risks of smoking through decades of epidemiological research", Says Warner. " It could take years before we know the impact of vaping on health He adds.
« In the meantime, we have a health crisis to manage. 500 000 people die every year because of smoking and yet one in six Americans remains a smoker. »
For David Mendez, Professor and co-author of the recent review of more than 800 studies on e-cigarettes, the report's general findings show that e-cigarettes are not without health risks but remain less harmful than conventional cigarettes. They can reduce exposure to many toxic and carcinogenic products and reduce certain adverse health effects. However, the long-term effects of vaping products on health remain unclear.
The report also recognizes that e-cigarettes could be a gateway to conventional smoking for young people. However, researchers say that the benefits of a large number of people who quit smoking would outweigh the fact that e-cigarettes can be a gateway to smoking.