Tobacco products are extremely harmful to health and cause the death of tens of thousands of people each year. The newspaper " Metro So there are no less than 21 chronic diseases that are linked to smoking. Maybe it would be time to switch to the electronic cigarette?
Stroke (stroke). 2 at 4 times more risk of stroke in smokers. The risk increases with the amount of cigarettes consumed. Second-hand smoke also increases the risks for non-smokers.
Loss of sight: Chemicals in tobacco smoke reduce blood flow to the eyes and the amount of oxygen carried by the blood. This can cause loss of sight.
Cataract: 2 times more risk of developing cataracts in smokers.
Age-related macular degeneration: 3 times more likely to suffer from age-related macular degeneration in smokers. Which can lead to loss of sight.
Periodontitis - Tobacco reduces blood flow to the gum tissue, changes bacteria in the mouth, and weakens the immune system. This makes it vulnerable to periodontitis, a disease of the gum.
Asthma - Asthma symptoms are more common and severe in smokers and those exposed to second-hand smoke.
Pneumonia - Smoking or being exposed to second-hand smoke increases your risk of developing pneumonia.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): 85% of COPD cases are related to smoking.
Tuberculosis - + 20% of cases are related to smoking. Smokers are at greater risk of contracting the disease and dying from it.
Thoracic aortic aneurysm - Smoking increases your risk.
Coronary heart disease - 2-3 times more likely to develop coronary heart disease in smokers.
Peripheral artery disease - Smokers are at greater risk of developing a blocked artery. Smoking is even thought to accelerate the progression of the disease.
Atherosclerosis - Tobacco thickens the blood, makes the heart beat faster, and increases blood pressure. Which damages the veins and arteries.
Diabetes - 2 times the risk of developing type 2 diabetes in smokers. The more a person smokes, the greater the risk. Smoking also reduces the body's sensitivity to insulin.
Reproductive system :
In women: Smoking decreases the reserve of good eggs, which reduces the chances of fertilization. It also speeds up menopause.
In humans: 30% 70% more likely to suffer from erectile problems.
Smoking or exposure to second-hand smoke during pregnancy increases the risk of malformation of the fetus or newborn. These include deformity of the skull (craniosynostosis), cleft palate or cleft lip (cleft lip).
Ectopic or ectopic pregnancy
Smoking affects the transport of the embryo to the uterine cavity. The more a woman smokes, the more the risk increases.
Joints and bones:
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
1 case on 3 is due to smoking. In people predisposed to the disease, 55% of cases are related to tobacco.
Femur neck fracture
1 hip fracture on 8 is caused by smoking. Tobacco weakens bones and promotes fractures.
Immune system :
Immune Deficiency - Smoking weakens the immune system and makes you more vulnerable to viruses, such as the common cold or the flu.