While a few days ago, a study provided by the University of Victoria in Canada claimed that there was no evidence that the vape could act as a gateway to youth smoking (See article), today we discover two new studies from the University of California San Francisco (UCSF) that suggest that e-cigarettes attract young people, including those considered at low risk of smoking.
E-cigarettes may be a smoking cessation aid tool for some smokers; several studies have documented their weight in the decline of smoking. However, the fear has always persisted that they can also promote smoking among young people. The prevalence of electronic cigarette consumption now reaches more than 30% among high school students in the US, and at least half are regular users. Faced with this rapid explosion in the use of electronic cigarettes, it is necessary to understand the implications for public health. These studies fuel the fear of a bridge between e-cigarettes and tobacco among young people, suggesting that e-cigarettes attract a new population of teens who otherwise would not have smoked.
The first analysis looked at the national (US) impact of e-cigarettes on youth smoking trends in the US, identifies no evidence, or identifies the lack of evidence that e-cigarettes contributed to reduce smoking among young people. In fact, the combined consumption of cigarettes and e-cigarettes among teens in 2014 is higher than the total consumption of 2009 cigarettes. The authors conclude that low-risk youth would not have continued smoking cigarettes if electronic cigarettes had not existed. Lauren Dutra, lead author of the study, a postdoctoral researcher at the UCSF's Tobacco Control Research and Education Center summarizes, "We have found no evidence that e-cigarettes can reduce smoking at home. young people. Although some of the younger users of e-cigarettes are also cigarette smokers, we found that among these young people, those who were at low risk of starting to smoke were using e-cigarettes (...) Recent decreases in youth smoking are probably due to tobacco control efforts, rather than e-cigarettes. "
The authors also conducted an in-depth analysis of the psychosocial characteristics of electronic cigarette users. Research shows that young smokers tend to display certain characteristics that non-smokers are less likely to show, such as a propensity to live with a smoker or to wear clothes that display a tobacco product logo! In combination, these two studies suggest that "e-cigarettes also attract low-risk youth".
sources : Pediatrics January 23, 2017 / Santelog.com
DOI: 10.1542 / peds.2016-2450 E-cigarettes and National Teenager Cigarette Use: 2004-2014
DOI: 10.1542 / peds.2016-2921 Teen Risk Behavior and Use of Electronic Vapor Products and Cigarettes
DOI: 10.1542 / peds.2016-3736 E-Cigarettes and Adolescents' Risk Status